SENSEX & NIFTY: The Fear and Greed Index, what It Tells Us About the Market

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The Indian stock market has been experiencing a turbulent period, marked by a significant decline over the past five sessions. On Thursday, May 30, both the Sensex and Nifty 50 indices witnessed their fifth consecutive session of losses, resulting in substantial financial losses for investors. The Sensex ended the day at 73,885.60, down by 617 points or 0.83%, while the Nifty 50 closed at 22,488.65, a decrease of 216 points or 0.95%.


Sensex, Nifty 50 : Geopolitical and Economic Factors

Election-Related Nervousness

The ongoing Lok Sabha elections have played a crucial role in this market downturn. The uncertainty surrounding the election results, which are scheduled to be announced on June 4, has kept investors on edge. Despite predictions favoring the BJP-led NDA’s re-election, concerns about a potential lack of a strong majority have amplified market jitters.

Global Economic Indicators

In addition to domestic political uncertainties, weak global cues have exacerbated the situation. Rising US bond yields, geopolitical tensions, and diminishing hopes for early rate cuts have collectively contributed to the market’s decline.

Expert Insights

“After six phases of Lok Sabha Elections, the market is still unconvinced about the kind of government formed after the Lok Sabha Polls,” said Avinash Gorakshkar, Head of Research at Profitmart Securities.

Market Performance:Sensex, Nifty 50

Sectoral Indices Analysis

The overall market witnessed broad-based selling, with most sectoral indices closing in the red. Notable sectors affected included:

  • Nifty Metal: Down by 3.01%
  • Nifty IT: Down by 2.19%
  • Nifty Healthcare: Down by 1.85%
  • Nifty Pharma: Down by 1.81%
  • Nifty Consumer Durables: Down by 1.67%
  • Nifty FMCG: Down by 1.26%
  • Nifty Oil & Gas: Down by 1.25%
  • Nifty Auto: Down by 1.21%

Only a few indices managed to stay afloat, such as Nifty Media (up 0.48%), Nifty Bank (up 0.37%), and Nifty Private Bank (up 0.32%).

Top Gainers and Losers

Top Gainers in Nifty 50

  • ICICI Bank: Up by 1.45%
  • Axis Bank: Up by 1.06%
  • SBI: Up by 0.76%

Top Losers in Nifty 50

  • Tata Steel: Down by 5.19%
  • Tech Mahindra: Down by 3.16%
  • Grasim: Down by 2.87%

Impact on Investors:Sensex, Nifty 50

Market Capitalization Decline

The collective market capitalization of firms listed on the BSE dropped from nearly ₹415.1 lakh crore to ₹410.7 lakh crore, rendering investors poorer by approximately ₹4.4 lakh crore in a single session. Over the past five sessions, investors have lost nearly ₹10 lakh crore.

Mid and Small-Cap Segments

The mid and small-cap segments were particularly hard hit, with the BSE Midcap and Smallcap indices falling by 1.21% and 1.33%, respectively.

Future Outlook

Election Results

The forthcoming Lok Sabha election results on June 4 are poised to significantly influence market sentiment. A clear majority for the ruling coalition could potentially stabilize the market, whereas a fragmented mandate might prolong the volatility.

Global Market Trends

Global economic trends, including US bond yields and geopolitical developments, will continue to play a critical role in shaping the Indian stock market’s trajectory.

Expert Predictions

Market analysts suggest that clarity on the political front, coupled with favorable global economic conditions, could help the market recover from its recent lows. However, the timing and extent of this recovery remain uncertain.


The recent decline in the Sensex and Nifty 50 indices underscores the intricate interplay of domestic political uncertainties and global economic factors. As investors navigate this volatile period, the upcoming Lok Sabha election results will be a crucial determinant of the market’s future direction. Stakeholders are advised to stay informed and exercise caution in their investment decisions during these turbulent times.

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