Equity Market Update: Sensex, Nifty 50 Descend for the Third Straight Day; Investors Forfeit Almost ₹3 Lakh Crore in a Single Session

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The Indian stock market witnessed a significant downturn today, marking the third consecutive session of losses for the Sensex and Nifty 50. Investors faced substantial financial setbacks, with nearly ₹3 lakh crore wiped out in a single day. The market’s volatility, driven by a combination of election-related uncertainties and mixed global cues, continues to dominate headlines. This article provides a detailed analysis of today’s market performance, exploring various factors that contributed to the decline and offering insights into what lies ahead.


Market Overview

Sensex and Nifty 50 Performance

  • Sensex: The Sensex ended the day with a loss of 220 points, or 0.29%, closing at 75,170.45.
  • Nifty 50: The Nifty 50 closed 44 points, or 0.19%, lower at 22,888.15.

Market Capitalisation Impact

The overall market capitalisation of firms listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) dropped from ₹420 lakh crore to nearly ₹417 lakh crore, resulting in a loss of about ₹3 lakh crore for investors.

Sensex and Nifty 50: Factors Influencing the Market Decline

Election-Related Caution

The ongoing Lok Sabha election has heightened market nervousness, with investors adopting a cautious approach. The uncertainty surrounding the election outcome, scheduled for June 4, has contributed significantly to the market’s volatility.

Foreign Capital Outflow

A strong outflow of foreign capital has been observed this month, further exacerbating market instability. Foreign investors are pulling out funds due to the uncertain political climate and high market valuations.

Mixed Global Cues

Global markets have presented a mixed picture, with various economic indicators influencing investor sentiment. Key macroeconomic data from the US and Europe have added to the uncertainty, affecting the Indian market’s performance.

Detailed Market Performance Analysis

Opening and Intraday Performance

  • Nifty 50: Opened 45 points higher at 22,977.15, peaked at 22,998.55, but failed to sustain gains, closing 44 points lower at 22,888.15.
  • Sensex: Opened at 75,585.40, touched an intraday high of 75,585.40, but closed 220 points down at 75,170.45.

Sectoral Performance

Most sectoral indices ended in the red:

  • Nifty Realty: Down by 2.16%
  • PSU Bank: Down by 1.28%
  • Oil and Gas: Down by 1.02%
  • Nifty Bank: Down by 0.28%
  • Private Bank Index: Down by 0.31%

Midcap and Smallcap Indices

  • BSE Midcap: Lost 0.63%
  • BSE Smallcap: Lost 1.09%

Top Gainers in Nifty 50

  • Divi’s Labs: Up 3.05%
  • SBI Life Insurance Company: Up 2.96%
  • HDFC Life Insurance Company: Up 2.44%

Top Losers in Nifty 50

  • Adani Ports: Down 2.17%
  • Power Grid: Down 1.64%
  • BPCL: Down 1.59%

Market Volatility in Sensex and Nifty 50

India VIX Surge

The India VIX, which measures market volatility, surged by 88% in May, indicating heightened nervousness. On May 28, it rose over 4%, reaching the 24.20 level.

Expert Opinions

  • Vinod Nair, Geojit Financial Services: Emphasized the market’s mild consolidation post-recent surge, anticipating continued volatility until the election results.
  • Shrikant Chouhan, Kotak Securities: Highlighted key support and resistance zones, recommending a strategy of buying on dips and selling on rallies.

Key Macroeconomic Indicators

Domestic Indicators

  • India’s Q4 FY24 GDP Figures: Awaited to influence market sentiment.
  • US PCE Inflation Data: Critical for gauging future interest rate movements.
  • European Inflation Data: Important for assessing global economic health.

Impact on Market Sentiment

These indicators are expected to play a crucial role in shaping market trends this week, adding another layer of uncertainty to the already volatile environment.

Technical Analysis of Nifty 50

Support and Resistance Levels

  • Support Zones: 22,800 – 22,750 / 74,900 – 74,700
  • Resistance Areas: 23,000 – 23,100 / 75,500 – 75,700

Trading Strategy

  • Day Traders: Advised to adopt a strategy of buying on dips and selling on rallies.
  • Sentiment Shift: Below 22,750 / 74,700, traders may prefer exiting long positions.


The Indian stock market remains in a state of flux, driven by election-related uncertainties and mixed global cues. With key macroeconomic indicators on the horizon, the market is expected to stay volatile until the election outcome is clear. Investors are advised to exercise caution and adopt a strategic approach to navigate the current market conditions.

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